THE BELIEVER’S RULE OF CONDUCT – II
by Bob Wheeler
As we saw in our last blog post when the Apostle Paul said that we are not under law but under grace he was not saying that there is no moral law, but that the only way to fulfill that law is not by keeping the letter of the old covenant but by following the guidance of the Holy Spirit. Basically there are two major issues here. The first has to do with the content of the moral law – how do we know what God really requires of us? The Torah (The Five Books of Moses or the Pentateuch) generally does not make a distinction between the “moral,” the “civil,” and the “ceremonial” law. It was initially given to meet an immediate need for a set of laws to govern the Israelite community, and Israel was bound to obey all of it. The majority of the laws are phrased negatively and have penalties attached. Instructions are given on how judges are to decide cases.
And underlying moral code is implied, however. Part of it is rooted in the character of God himself – His own moral attributes. “But You, O Lord, are a God full of compassion, and gracious, / Longsuffering and abundant in mercy and truth” (Ps. 86:15, echoing the words of Ex. 34:6). This, in turn, means that there are certain things God hates: “There are six things the Lord hates, / Yes, seven are an abomination to Him: / A proud look; / A lying tongue, / Hands that shed innocent blood . . .” etc. (Prov. 6:16-19. God judged the entire world at the time of the Flood because He “saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually” (Gen. 6:5). He destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah “because their sin was very grave” (Gen. 18:20). Likewise the Canaanites were to be destroyed “for they commit all these things and therefore I abhor them” (Lev. 20:23). Therefore David could say, “Lord, who may abide in Your tabernacle? / Who may dwell in Your holy hill? / He who walks uprightly, / And works righteousness, / And speaks the truth in his heart . . .” (Ps. 15).
Jesus himself made it clear that the moral law is not done away. “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled” (Matt. 5:17,18).
On the other hand it is probably not true that “The moral law is summarily comprehended in the ten commandments.” Strictly speaking, the Ten Commandments (literally, the “Ten Words” or “Sayings”) were “the words of the covenant” (Ex. 34:27,28; Dt. 4:13), a summary of the terms and conditions of God’s covenant with Israel. While they obviously reflect basic moral principles, it would be a mistake to say that they “continue to be a perfect rule of righteousness.”
But how, then, do we know what the true moral law requires? To know that we must turn to the teachings of Christ and the apostles in the New Testament. We must interpret the Old Testament in the light of the New.
And according to the New Testament what is really required from us as human beings and as Christians is that we love the Lord with all of our heart and soul and mind, and lover our neighbors as ourselves, as Jesus said (Matt. 22:34-40, quoting Dt. 6:5 and Lev. 19:18). Or to put it another way, the essence of the moral law can be summed up in the Golden Rule: “Therefore, whatever you want men to do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets” (Matt. 7:12). Significantly Jesus said that “this is the Law and the Prophets.” The mandate to love was always there – it was just buried under a mass of civil and ceremonial regulations.
Love does not do away with the law; it goes beyond it. If you love someone, if you genuinely care about him, you will not harm him. In this sense love fulfills the law (Rom. 13:8-10; Gal. 5:13-15). But at the same time what love requires cannot be reduced to a set of rules and regulations – “thou shalt not do this” or “thou shalt not do that.” Strictly speaking the purpose of the written law is to show us what we have done wrong (I Tim. 1:8-10). But genuine love actively seeks the wellbeing of the other person and is not content merely to meet the minimum requirement of the law. And meeting the needs of others cannot be prescribed in detail by a written law code. Love actively looks for opportunities to help and to serve. It does not have to be told to do so.
Which brings us to the second consideration, which is the motive of obedience. Why do we do what we do? Is it a matter of pride? Or fear of punishment? Do we simply go the life doing the bare minimum that is required of us in order to please someone else?
A genuinely righteous person does what is right because he wants to do what is right. He genuinely cares about others and actively seeks their good. The question is not, what do I have to do? Rather the question is, what can I do to further God’s glory and help others? The Holy Spirit produces His fruit in the heart of the believer, giving him the proper desires and motives. As a result the believer does not have to be told what to do under threat of punishment; he does it instinctively and spontaneously.
C.I. Scofield, who was originally trained as a lawyer, used an interesting example to illustrate the point. “The law of the commonwealth requires parents to care for their offspring, and pronounces penalties for the willful neglect of them; but the land is full of happy mothers who tenderly care for their children in perfect ignorance of the existence of such a statute. The law is in their hearts. (“Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth,” p. 41).